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AI has estimated 85% of the world's population is being affected by climate change.

Researchers in Germany have used machine learning technology to take a look at over 60,000 climate change-related studies, which led them to their findings.

The new paper - led by Max Callaghan of Berlin's Mercator Research Institute on Global Commons and Climate Change - was published in Nature Climate Change this week.

It reads: "There is overwhelming evidence that the impacts of climate change are already being observed in human and natural systems. "We infer that attributable anthropogenic impacts may be occurring across 80% of the world's land area, where 85% of the population reside."

Machine learning is a kind of AI which gets smarter the more information it's given.

Callaghan and his team wanted to not only shine a light on the impact of climate change, but also use this technology to show gaps in scientific study.

The paper adds: "Our objective is to map all possibly relevant studies on climate-related changes, rather than a list of studies where the relationship between an observed climate trend and specific impacts has been demonstrated with high confidence.

"While traditional assessments can offer relatively precise but incomplete pictures of the evidence, our machine-learning-assisted approach generates an expansive preliminary but quantifiably uncertain map."

Artificial Intelligence could predict if it will rain within two hours.

Scientists have developed new AI that can be used to predict whether rain will fall within two hours, which could help save lives in the event of critical storms and floods.

Google-owned London AI lab DeepMind partnered with the University of Exeter and the Met Office to build the new system, which they have called nowcasting.

Traditional methods of forecast prediction currently use complex equations and often forecast for only between six hours and two weeks' time.

The AI system can make more accurate short-term predictions, and with climate change making it harder to anticipate adverse weather conditions, researchers believe the new system will help ease the significant damage that intense rainfall can create by giving more accurate warnings.

Met Office partnerships and product innovation head Niall Robinson said: “Extreme weather has catastrophic consequences, including loss of life and, as the effects of climate change suggest, these types of events are set to become more common.

“As such, better short-term weather forecasts can help people stay safe and thrive.”

The AI system learned how to identify common patterns of rainfall using UK radar maps from 2016 to 2018.

It was then tested on maps from 2019 and was found by 50 Met Office meteorologists to be accurate in 89 percent of cases.

The research, published in the journal Nature, found: "Meteorologists significantly preferred the [AI] approach to competing methods."